Sunday, May 3, 2009

loan for sheep farming in india


Introduction:
NABARD, as an apex development bank in the country has always been keen on promoting projects based on innovative technologies, which can accelerate capital formation in the rural areas in the agricultural and allied sectors as also in the non farm sector, specially in the thrust areas of livestock and dairy products, with accent on export are being promoted by NABARD on priority basis through appropriate policy initiatives. Brochures on model bankable projects, which have high export potential, have been brought out for the use of banks, entrepreneurs and other agencies which are keen on promoting such projects especially entrepreneurs for taking up the activity as a commercial enterprise through bank credit.
The present Model Project for sheep project is yet another venture in this direction.
Scope for Sheep Farming and Its National Importance
According to Livestock census 2003, there are about 61.47 million sheep and 124.36 million goats in the country. About five million households in the country are engaged in the rearing of small ruminant’s sheep & goats and allied activities. The wool production was about 45.1 million kg during 2006-2007. There are 15 export-oriented integrated modern abattoirs and 16 meat processing plants registered with Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority exporting raw meet (Chilled and frozen) to about 56 countries During 2005-06,. 7177.51 MT sheep/goat meat valued Rs. 80.37 crore was exported. Sheep skin in the form of leather and leather products is also exported.
Sheep contribute to the livelihood of the economically weaker sections of the society. Amongst the livestock owners the shepherds are the poorest of the lot.
Realizing the importance of sheep in Agrarian economy the Central Government had established the Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute (CSWRI) at Avikanagar in Rajasthan. Number of sheep breeding farms were established during various plan periods throughout the country for evolving (I) new fine wool breeds for different agro-climatic regions capable of producing 2.5 kg of greasy wool per annum, (ii) new mutton breeds capable of attaining 30 kg live weight at 6 months of age under intensive feeding conditions. Sheep development activities were initiated under DPAP, MAFAL and SFDA programmes. Intensive Sheep Development Projects (ISDP’s) were introduced in many of the sheep rearing districts. Setting up of wool boards in important wool producing states was envisaged and States of Jammu & Kashmir and Karnataka have already set up these boards. Some of the states have set up wool development corporations / federations.


Financial assistance available from banks / NABARD for sheep farming
1. NABARD is an apex institution for all matters relating to policy, planning and operation in the field of agricultural credit. It serves as refinancing agency for the institutions providing investment and production credit for agriculture and rural development. It promotes development through a well organized Technical Services Department at the Head Office and Technical Cells at each of the Regional Offices.
2. Loan from banks with refinance facility from NABARD is available for starting sheep farming.
3. For obtaining bank loan,
a) The farmers should apply to the nearest branch of a Commercial, Co-operative or Regional Rural Bank in their area in the prescribed application form which is available in the branches of financing bank.
b) The Technical officer attached to or the Manager of the bank can help / give guidance to the farmers in preparing the project report to obtain bank loan.
4. For sheep development schemes with very large outlays, detailed reports will have to be prepared. The beneficiaries may utilize the services of Agricultural Finance Corporation (AFC) or consultants having experience in developing livestock projects for preparation of the project report to avail the bank loan for the items such as purchase of breeding animals, construction of sheds, purchase of equipment etc. The cost of land is not considered for loan. However, if land is purchased for setting up a sheep farm its cost can be treated as margin money of beneficiary.
Source :india gov.in /sheep development.
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